The Hindi alphabet consists of 45 characters based on pronunciation and 52 characters based on writing The most important thing in the Hindi language is that the Hindi language is spoken the same way it is written and spoken the way it is the same as Written.
Hindi is the state language of India which is the third most spoken language in the world and 22 different types of languages are spoken in India but the most spoken and understood language in India is Hindi as well as the Hindi language is used by more than 544 million people worldwide.
Hence the Hindi language is spoken not only in India but also in many countries of the world like Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, China, Japan, UK, Germany, New Zealand, South Africa, Mauritius, Yemen, Uganda, and Canada etc
It is very easy to learn to speak and write the Hindi language, so first of all, you should have knowledge of the Hindi alphabet because no language can be learned without the alphabet.
We are going to provide you complete information of Hindi alphabet in which everything will be explained to you in simple words, so if you are interested to learn Hindi alphabet, then you should definitely read this article once.
Learn Hindi alphabet
To speak and write the Hindi language first of all you should know what is the Hindi alphabet and How many types are there which will strengthen your grip on your Hindi language, as well as you can learn the Hindi language quickly. Let’s learn about the Hindi alphabet and understand it in detail.
What are the Hindi characters
Characters is the smallest unit of Hindi language or the smallest sound of language whose cannot be broken For example अ, ई, व, च, क, ठ, त, ध, स, ह etc are called characters
What is the Hindi alphabet
The group of characters of Hindi or group of arranging letters is called Hindi alphabet For example अ आ इ ई उ……….ह etc are called characters Devanagari Alphabet And a, b, c, d, e, f……….z are called Roman alphabet
Types of hindi characters
The Hindi alphabet has different number of characters based on writing and pronunciation, hence Hindi alphabet is divided into two parts vowels(स्वर) and consonants(व्यंजन)!
What is a vowels(स्वर)
Characters that do not require any other letter in their pronunciation i.e. those spoken independently are called vowels(स्वर)
Vowel based on pronunciation
अ, आ , इ , ई , उ , ऊ , ए , ऐ , ओ , औ etc
Vowel based on writing
अ, आ, इ , ई , उ , ऊ , ए , ऐ , ओ , औ , अं , अ: , ऋ etc
Type of Vowel
From the point of view of Hindi grammar, there are three types of vowels which are divided on the basis of time taken in pronunciation, which are as follows
Hashvr Vowel (ह्रस्व स्वर)-
Vowels that take very little time to pronounce are called ‘Harsvr vowels’, examples of which are अ, इ, उ etc.
Diragh Swar (दीर्घ स्वर)-
Vowels whose pronunciation takes longer than ‘Harsvr vowels’ are called ‘diragh vowels’, examples of which such as आ, ई, ऊ etc. can be understood as-
अ + अ = आ , इ + इ = ई , उ + उ = ऊ
Plut Vowels (प्लुत स्वर)-
The vowels that take the maximum time to pronounce are called ‘plut vowels’, examples of which are – ओउम्
What is the consonants(व्यंजन)
Characters whose vowels are used in pronunciation means that the letters which are spoken by the help of vowels are called consonants, hence “अ” is used to speak every consonant. The Hindi alphabet has 35 consonants which are as follows.
कवर्ग : क , ख , ग , घ , ङ
चवर्ग : च , छ , ज , झ , ञ
टवर्ग : ट , ठ , ड , ढ , ण ( ड़ ढ़ )
तवर्ग : त , थ , द , ध , न
पवर्ग : प , फ , ब , भ , म
अंतस्थ : य , र , ल , व्
उष्म : श , ष , स , ह
संयुक्त व्यंजन : क्ष , त्र , ज्ञ , श्र
Types of consonants
There are four types of consonants in Hindi grammar which are as follows